A new publication from the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) in collaboration with the International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI), and the Global Forum on Agricultural Research (GFAR), is available, titled: Gender-specific Approaches, Rural Institutions and Technological Innovations: Identifying Demand- and Supply-Side Constraints and Opportunities in Access, Adoption, and Impact of Agricultural Technological Innovations.
Authors: Catherine Ragasa and Debdatta Sengupta from IFPRI, and Martha Osorio, Nora Ourabah Haddad, and Kirsten Mathieson from FAO
This paper reviews and integrates findings from existing empirical studies and case studies received from 35 organizations in various countries to identify demand- and supply-side constraints and opportunities in access, adoption and impact of agricultural technological innovations. The most common technologies studied are improved seeds, fertilizers, farm mechanization, improved management practices, transporting technologies, and information and communication technologies. This review consistently finds that women have much lower observed rates of adoption of a wide range of technologies than men; and these are mainly due to differentiated access to complementary inputs and services. There are limited studies that looked at upstream stages including priority-setting and innovation processes, in which women continue to be underrepresented. Over the years, the development community and local organizations have been actively working and finding solutions to improve tools and approaches to bring technological innovations closer to poor women and men farmers and making sure that they are involved from the research priority-setting and technology development. There are a number of supply- and demand-side opportunities and promising pilots, and are synthesized in this paper.