New IFPRI Discussion Papers from Gender Agriculture and Assets Project (GAAP):

February 4, 2014

The Gender Agriculture and Assets Project (GAAP), jointly led by IFPRI and ILRI, has released the first set of discussion papers detailing the findings of the GAAP.

Following the Project Notes , which summarized findings from all 8 projects, the Discussion Papers give more detail on specific projects in the portfolio.

IFPRI Discussion Paper on the CARE-Bangladesh Strengthening the Dairy Value Chain Project.

IFPRI Discussion Paper on the Landesa West Bengal Microplot Allocation Program.

IFPRI Discussion Paper on the BRAC Targeting the Ultra Poor Program in Bangladesh.

IFPRI Discusison Paper on the HKI Enhanced-Homestead Food Production program in Burkina Faso.

Online Discussion: Data Gaps on Gender Equality

January 30, 2014

From January 27th through February 14th, an online discussion on data gaps on gender equality is taking place at the Wikigender website. The outcomes and main findings of the discussion will be synthesized and presented at a side event occuring in March 2014 at the 58th session of the UN Commission on the Status of Women. Each of the three weeks of the discussion has a thematic focus, as follows:

Week 1: January 27- The Socioeconomic Empowerment of Women

Week 2: February 3 – Violence Against Women

Week 3: February 10 – The Civic and Political Participation of Women

Join the discussion here.

New IFPRI Discussion Paper: Gender Inequalities in Ownership and Control of Land in Africa: Myths versus Reality

January 9, 2014

Over the past decade, stakeholders have made a variety of generalized claims concerning women’s landownership, both globally and in Africa. Typically, these claims include statements with single statistics, such as “women own less than 2 percent of the world’s land” or “women own approximately 15 percent of land in Africa south of the Sahara.” These claims are problematic because they are not substantiated by empirical evidence, do not reflect variations in landownership across or within countries, do not acknowledge differences in landownership regimes, nor address comparative ownership by men in the same contexts. Neither do they address the difference between ownership and control of land. The lack of a clear understanding behind statistics on gender and land also leads to an inability to clearly articulate a policy response to the potential inequalities faced by women and men. The objective of a new paper by Cheryl Doss, Chiara Kovarik, Amber Peterman, Agnes Quisumbing and Mara van den Bold, Gender inequalities in ownership and control of land in Africa:  Myth versus reality,  is to explore, conceptually and empirically, the levels and relative inequalities in landownership between women and men in African countries.

The review investigates the extent of women’s land ownership in sub Saharan Africa, using nationally representative data sets.  The paper highlights the need to clarify what we mean when we provide statistics on women’s land ownership—what do we mean by ownership, and what land are we talking about.  Most of the available data is not consistent on these points.  Where there is data available, there is a very mixed picture of women’s land ownership, and broad generalizations hide that important variability.

Publication: Do Shocks Affect Men’s and Women’s Assets Differently? A review of literature and new evidence from Bangladesh and Uganda

September 19, 2011

A new IFPRI Discussion Paper, Do Shocks Affect Men’s and Women’s Assets Differently? A review of literature and new evidence from Bangladesh and Uganda  is now available. This paper attempts to expand understanding of the gender-differentiated impact of shocks on assets through a literature review on shocks and gendered asset dynamics and an analysis of new panel data (2007 and 2009) from Uganda and Bangladesh looking at the impact of negative shocks and positive events on men’s and women’s assets.

(PHND) IFPRI 01113 – Do Shocks Affect Men’s and Women’s Assets Differently?

A Review of Literature and New Evidence from Bangladesh and Uganda

Agnes R. Quisumbing, Neha Kumar, and Julia A. Behrman



Publication: Environmental and Gender Impacts of Land Tenure Regularization in Africa: Pilot Evidence from Rwanda

September 19, 2011

Although increased global demand for land has led to renewed interest in African land tenure, few models to address these issues quickly and at the required scale have been identified or evaluated. The case of Rwanda’s nation-wide and relatively low-cost land tenure regularization program is thus of great interest.

A new working paper paper by the World Bank (Authors: Daniel Ayalew Ali, Klaus Deininger, and Markus Goldstein, August 2011) evaluates the short-term impact (some 2.5 years after completion) of the pilots undertaken to fine-tune the approach using a geographic discontinuity design with spatial fixed effects. Three key findings emerge from the analysis.

  • First, the program improved land access for legally married women (about 76 percent of married couples) and prompted better recordation of inheritance rights without gender bias.
  • Second, the analysis finds a very large impact on investment and maintenance of soil conservation measures. This effect was particularly pronounced for female headed households, suggesting that this group had suffered from high levels of tenure insecurity, which the program managed to reduce.
  • Third, land market activity declined, allowing rejection of the hypothesis that the program caused a wave of distress sales or widespread landlessness by vulnerable people. Implications for program design and policy are also discussed.

Access the working paper here.

News: In Kenya, Survey of Female Farmers Uncovers Challenges

September 19, 2011

A World Bank survey in Kenya that seeks women’s input and data to inform agricultural policy shows that female farmers have limited access to water, energy and finance, and few women own property they can use as collateral for loans. As agriculture becomes ‘feminized’ and men abandon farms to work in cities, policies must change to meet women’s needs. Read more here:

Publication: Who Should be Interviewed in Surveys of Household Income?

August 30, 2010

Monica Fisher, Jeffrey Reimer and Edward Carr. World Development 38.7 This study tests the null hypothesis that it is sufficient to interview only the household head to obtain accurate information on household income. Results show that using a husband’s estimate of his wife’s income does not produce statistically reliable results for poverty analysis. Estimates of the wife’s income provided by the husband and wife are in agreement in only 6% of households. While limiting interviews to one person has the advantage of reducing the time and expense of household surveys, this appears detrimental in terms of accuracy, and may lead to incorrect conclusions on the determinants of poverty.

Resources: Powerpoints from Tool Pool on Identifying Gender Dimensions in your Research

April 30, 2010

Last week 3 IFPRI researchers presented on identifying gender dimensions in your research.  To see power points:

Agnes Quisumbing’s  presentation on ‘identifying gender dimensions in your research: no cookie cutter approaches’

Michelle Adato’s presentation on ‘using qualitative methods for gender analysis in program evaluations’

Andrew Dillon’s presentation on ‘survey design choices: implications for measuring gender outcomes’

Research Methodology: Social Network Mapping & Gender Analysis

April 1, 2010

In Eva Schiffer’s NetMap blog, Schiffer discusses integrating a gender dimension into her social network mapping analysis rice parboilers in Nigeria with interesting results. To see the post on gender & NetMap analysis


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