The second window of the Challenge Fund titled “Fostering innovative business models for women’s financial inclusion” will award up to US$1.8 million in matching grants to projects offering either an innovative approach or scaling-up an existing approach for financial service delivery to women in Cambodia, Lao PDR, Myanmar and Vietnam. Closes 15 April 2016.
Originally posted on the CGIAR Research Program on Policies, Institutions, and Markets (PIM) blog
Despite increasing evidence that households do not always function as one, policies regarding land and property rights are often formulated at the household level, assuming the primary adult male is the landowner. Because land policy reform has typically focused on changing household, rather than individual, rights to land, many of the data are collected at the household rather than the individual level. As a result of a combination of these factors, securing women’s land rights has remained a largely unaddressed issue by policymakers.
So as to inform the formulation of policies and interventions to strengthen women’s land rights, a new discussion paper by Kathryn Sproule, Caitlin Kieran, Agnes Quisumbing, and Cheryl Doss analyzes data from Bangladesh, Tajikistan, Timor-Leste, and Vietnam to understand the processes by which men and women acquire land; the social, cultural, and legal institutions surrounding gender and landownership; and the role of individual and household characteristics influencing an individual’s ability to own land.
The authors’ finding that women own less land than do men across different household structures and that intrahousehold gender inequality is higher in households with larger landholdings suggests an agenda for future research and policy that strengthens women’s land rights within marriage, and protects them should the marriage dissolve.
Citation: Sproule, Kathryn; Kieran, Caitlin; Quisumbing, Agnes R.; and Doss, Cheryl. 2015. Gender, headship, and the life cycle: Landownership in four Asian countries. IFPRI Discussion Paper 1481. Washington, D.C.: International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI).
This work was undertaken as part of PIM’s cross-cutting gender research.
UN Women is recruiting:
- Director, Asia and the Pacific Regional Office
- Director, West and Central Africa Regional Office
- International Consultant for the Country Project Documents on Climate Resilient Agriculture in Senegal and Malawi
- Call For Applications: Experts And Trainers Roster (Un Women East And Southern Africa Regional Office – ESARO)
For all their vacancies visit the following weblink: http://www.unwomen.org/en/about-us/employment
Are women more vulnerable to climate change then men? If so, what are the factors which contribute to these increases and what can be done to help increase the resiliency of both women and men to the negative impacts of climate change? For answers to these questions and more, please visit Genderinag.org to find a recent report by the World Bank’s Nilufar Ahmad titled “Gender in Climate Change in Bangladesh: The Role of Institutions in Reducing Gender Gaps in Adaptation” and to hear a recent presentation by the author to the Washington-based GRADE Group.
A new IFPRI Discussion Paper, Do Shocks Affect Men’s and Women’s Assets Differently? A review of literature and new evidence from Bangladesh and Uganda is now available. This paper attempts to expand understanding of the gender-differentiated impact of shocks on assets through a literature review on shocks and gendered asset dynamics and an analysis of new panel data (2007 and 2009) from Uganda and Bangladesh looking at the impact of negative shocks and positive events on men’s and women’s assets.
(PHND) IFPRI 01113 – Do Shocks Affect Men’s and Women’s Assets Differently?
A Review of Literature and New Evidence from Bangladesh and Uganda
Agnes R. Quisumbing, Neha Kumar, and Julia A. Behrman
This chapter aims to identify and discuss the role of women in collective community management of biosecurity activities. These activities are related to women’s ‘empowerment capacity’ to undertake knowledge transfer through sustainable training in the provinces of Bali, Sulawesi, and Papua. Untung (Kebijakan nasional ketahanan hayati, 2007) notes that to encourage people’s awareness of biosecurity issues is important, and that the main process for addressing it is through community management (Flora, Community capitals framework, 2007). The research uses qualitative methods (Creswell, Qualitative inquiry and research design choosing among five traditions, 1998), specifically semi-structured interviews, questionnaires and observation with 82 female leaders and other women involved in agriculture, living at the sites. Data collected during this process was analysed using thematic analysis approaches. In this chapter, I discuss the role of women, gender issues and success stories of the utilization of Farmer Field School (FFS) as they relate to community management of biosecurity. This research also acknowledges that women at all sites participated in a diverse range of social, cultural, spiritual, tourism and agricultural activities, particularly in problem solving and decision making processes, as well as the opportunity to manage their family’s economy. There are representations of the success stories of a high level of female leadership at an organisational level including examples from education training and the PKK (Program Kesejahteraan Keluarga or Family Welfare and Empowerment). The initial findings from this research indicates that women participate in the transfer of knowledge between local and outside communities, especially in the behaviour, practices and technology associated with agriculture.
This paper examines asset dynamics for husband-owned, wife-owned, and jointly owned assets, using unique longitudinal survey data from rural Bangladesh. Nonparametric and parametric methods are used to examine the shape of the dynamic asset frontier, the number of equilibria, and whether land and nonland asset stocks converge to such equilibria. The paper also investigates the differential impact of negative shocks and positive events on husbands’, wives’, and jointly owned assets. Husbands’ and wives’ asset stocks are drawn down for different kinds of shocks, with husbands’ assets being liquidated in response to death of a household member and dowry and wedding expenses, and both husbands’ and wives’ assets being negatively affected by illness shocks. The paper concludes by drawing out implications for the design of gender-sensitive social protection mechanisms.
Agnes R. Quisumbing (International Food Policy Research Institute)
Thursday, May 12th 2011
12:30 pm – 2:00 pm
Conference Room 4B – 4th Floor
2033 K Street, NW
Washington, D.C. 20006
** Brown Bag Format **
RSVP to B.Pereira@cgiar.org
Abstract: This paper examines asset dynamics for husband-owned, wife-owned, and jointly owned assets, using unique longitudinal survey data from rural Bangladesh. Non-parametric and parametric methods are used to examine the shape of the dynamic asset frontier, the number of equilibria, and whether land and non-land assets stock converge to such equilibria. The paper also investigates the differential impact of negative shocks and positive events on husbands’, wives’, and jointly-owned assets. Husbands’ and wives’ asset stocks are drawn down for different kinds of shocks, with husbands’ assets being liquidated in response to dowry and wedding expenses, and wives’ assets being negatively affected by illness shocks. Factors that affect husbands’ and wives’ ability to form social and familial networks also affect asset accumulation: wives with more brothers, and who live closer to their natal village, are better able to acquire assets. Put differently, factors that encourage the formation or maintenance of women’s social networks also reduce gender asset inequality. The paper concludes by drawing out implications for the design of gender-sensitive social protection mechanisms. Continue reading
The crisis response and recovery policies of Asian governments have been shaped by the lessons learned from the Asian financial crisis of the late 1990s. An important lesson emerging from the recent crisis is that the policy goal should not be to return to a “normal” pre-crisis situation but to address fundamental and not just short-term urgencies, and seize the opportunity to rebalance towards a new development trajectory that is job-rich, just, sustainable and inclusive. The main components of “rebalancing” have been identified as transition from public to private sector-led growth, domestic-led growth of consumption and investments in place of export-led growth, shifts to green jobs and green enterprises and deeper Asian regional integration. The theme of this reports is that such rebalancing must, as a matter of both “smart economics” and social justice, also promote gender equality in the labour market. To be successful, rebalancing policies must mainstream gender equality considerations.
The U.S. Forest Service (USFS) is seeking the services of a gender specialist to work for up to one year, full-time with the Lowering Emissions in Asia’s Forests (LEAF) program based in Bangkok, Thailand. This is a consultant position with a competitive salary and a negotiable benefit package. The position is open to applicants from Asian countries.
LEAF is a USAID/Regional Development Mission for Asia (RDMA)-funded program being implemented by Winrock International and other partners. Started in January 2011, this five-year program is working on Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and forest Degradation (REDD+) implementation and capacity building both bilaterally and regionally, in line with USAID’s goals under its ‘sustainable landscapes’ global climate change pillar. Target countries for the program include Lower Mekong countries (Thailand, Vietnam, Laos, Cambodia), Papua New Guinea, and Malaysia, with replication and outreach activities potentially in South Asia (Bangladesh, India, Bhutan, and Nepal), Indonesia, and the Philippines. Continue reading