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Event (DC): Do Men and Women Accumulate Assets in Different Ways? Evidence from Rural Bangladesh

Agnes R. Quisumbing (International Food Policy Research Institute)

Thursday, May 12th 2011
12:30 pm – 2:00 pm

Conference Room 4B – 4th Floor
2033 K Street, NW
Washington, D.C. 20006

** Brown Bag Format **

RSVP to B.Pereira@cgiar.org

Abstract:  This paper examines asset dynamics for husband-owned, wife-owned, and jointly owned assets, using unique longitudinal survey data from rural Bangladesh. Non-parametric and parametric methods are used to examine the shape of the dynamic asset frontier, the number of equilibria, and whether land and non-land assets stock converge to such equilibria.  The paper also investigates the differential impact of negative shocks and positive events on husbands’, wives’, and jointly-owned assets. Husbands’  and wives’ asset stocks are drawn down for different kinds of shocks, with husbands’ assets being liquidated in response to dowry and wedding expenses, and wives’ assets being negatively affected by illness shocks.    Factors that affect husbands’ and wives’ ability to form social and familial networks also affect asset accumulation:  wives with more brothers, and who live closer to their natal village, are better able to acquire assets.  Put differently, factors that encourage the formation or maintenance of women’s social networks also reduce gender asset inequality.  The paper concludes by drawing out implications for the design of gender-sensitive social protection mechanisms.  Continue reading

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Publication: Women and Labour Markets in Asia: Rebalancing for Gender Equality

The crisis response and recovery policies of Asian governments have been shaped by the lessons learned from the Asian financial crisis of the late 1990s. An important lesson emerging from the recent crisis is that the policy goal should not be to return to a “normal” pre-crisis situation but to address fundamental and not just short-term urgencies, and seize the opportunity to rebalance towards a new development trajectory that is job-rich, just, sustainable and inclusive. The main components of “rebalancing” have been identified as transition from public to private sector-led growth, domestic-led growth of consumption and investments in place of export-led growth, shifts to green jobs and green enterprises and deeper Asian regional integration. The theme of this reports is that such rebalancing must, as a matter of both “smart economics” and social justice, also promote gender equality in the labour market. To be successful, rebalancing policies must mainstream gender equality considerations.

Access it here

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Employment: Gender Specialist Base: Bangkok, Thailand

The U.S. Forest Service (USFS) is seeking the services of a gender specialist to work for up to one year, full-time with the Lowering Emissions in Asia’s Forests (LEAF) program based in Bangkok, Thailand. This is a consultant position with a competitive salary and a negotiable benefit package. The position is open to applicants from Asian countries.

LEAF is a USAID/Regional Development Mission for Asia (RDMA)-funded program being implemented by Winrock International and other partners. Started in January 2011, this five-year program is working on Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and forest Degradation (REDD+) implementation and capacity building both bilaterally and regionally, in line with USAID’s goals under its ‘sustainable landscapes’ global climate change pillar. Target countries for the program include Lower Mekong countries (Thailand, Vietnam, Laos, Cambodia), Papua New Guinea, and Malaysia, with replication and outreach activities potentially in South Asia (Bangladesh, India, Bhutan, and Nepal), Indonesia, and the Philippines. Continue reading

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Publication: Evaluating the long-term impact of antipoverty interventions in Bangladesh

This paper provides an overview of a research project that assessed the long-term impact of three antipoverty interventions in Bangladesh—the introduction of new agricultural technologies, educational transfers, and microfinance—on monetary and nonmonetary measures of well-being. This paper begins by setting out the conceptual framework, methodology, and empirical methods used for the evaluation of long-term impacts. It discusses the context of the evaluations and the longitudinal data used. Key findings from the individual papers are then presented, followed by an indicative analysis of the cost-effectiveness of these interventions. The overview concludes with implications for programs and policy.

Quisumbing, Agnes R.
Baulch, Bob
Kumar, Neha

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Publication: A Silent ‘Revolution’? Women’s Empowerment in Rural Tamil Nadu

Staffan Lindberg, , Venkatesh B athreya, , R Vidyasagar , Goran Djurfeldt , A Rajagopal

One of the most significant social changes over the past 25 years in Tamil Nadu is the entry of women into the local political bodies at the village and village union levels through the 33% reservation system. Simultaneously, women are now, to a significant extent, organised in self-help groups. Through these about one-fourth of the households can access loans for small entrepreneurship or, rather more frequently, for smaller emergency/consumption loans. There has also been increased participation of women in the non-agricultural labour market and the emergence in Tamil Nadu of a rudimentary “barefoot” welfare state. In this article we report from a 25-year panel study of 213 agrarian households in six villages in Karur and Tiruchirapalli districts. View Full Article


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World Bank Justice for the Poor publication, Increasing Access to Justice for Women, the Poor and Those Living in Remote Areas– An Indonesia Case Study.

Increasing Access to Justice for Women, the Poor and Those Living in Remote Areas: An Indonesia Case Study.

Justice for the Poor gender work in Indonesia has been focusing on access to justice for women and community legal empowerment. Women’s ability to access religious courts is a crucial step in opening up their access to broader public services and government poverty-alleviation programs. Community empowerment, engagement with local authorities, and national policy dialogue contributed to noticeable results in access to justice for women. The briefing note outlines the reform process that led to a 14-fold increase in the number of poor clients accessing courts.

Find the briefing note here.

Comments and reflections are welcome and may be sent to Rea Chiongson, J4P gender Advisor, at rchiongson@worldbank.org or to Lisa Noor Humaidah, J4P Indonesia, at lhumaidah@worldbank.org

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Funding: DFID

DfID’s Research and Evidence Division wishes to establish a new Research Programme Consortium (RPC) on Agriculture, Food and Nutrition Security in South Asia. This is part of a 6-year program in South Asia to maintain and further expand DFID’s commitment to increase agricultural productivity and promote sustainable management of natural resources for improved food security and nutritional outcomes for poor people. The goal of this RPC is to ensure the use of new and existing research on how to deliver enhanced food and nutritional outcomes through agriculture, particularly women and children, by investment programs and policy makers. The RPC will include policy focused research into agriculture, food and nutrition security and will be driven by demands from national and regional policy processes and programs. The successful RPC will need to demonstrate at bidding stage its experience in the region, in handling complex political relationships and in forging collaborations between countries and between researchers and end users. The closing date for applications is on March 14, 2011. For supporting information, contract notice, terms of reference, and pre-qualification questionnaire, click on the following link:  http://www.dfid.gov.uk/Working-with-DFID/Procurement/Current-contract-opportunities1/Development-of-a-Research-Programme-Consortium-RPC-to-address-agriculture-food-and-nutrition-security-in-South-Asia/.