Decentralized delivery of public services has been promoted as a means to enhance citizen voice and make service provision more responsive to users. Ethiopia has undertaken two rounds of decentralization, making first the regional states and then the district governments responsible for providing key public services. This paper explores whether decentralization has improved the quality of service delivery and citizen satisfaction with the services provided, focusing on agricultural extension. Specifically, we examine whether services are responsive to the needs and expressed demands of poor farmers, including women farmers. We focus on the institutional arrangements through which agricultural extension services are provided and how these contribute to efficiency, effectiveness, and equity in service delivery.
LONDON (AP) — Giving young women an education resulted in saving the lives of more than four million children worldwide in 2009, according to a new study published Friday. American researchers analyzed 915 censuses and surveys from 175 countries tracking education, economic growth, H.I.V. infection rates and child deaths from 1970 to 2009. By using statistical models, the researchers found that for every extra year of education women had, the death rate for children under 5 dropped by almost 10 percent. They estimated that 4.2 million fewer children died in 2009 than in 1970 because women of child-bearing age in developing countries were more educated. In 1970, women in developing countries ages 18 to 44 had attended about two years of school. In 2009, it was about seven years. The study was paid for by the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation and was published Friday in the London-based medical publication Lancet. Continue reading
You are invited to participate in an online discussion on the linkages between women’s and girls’ access to and participation in formal and non-formal education and training, and their equal access to full employment and decent work. The online discussion will take place from 7 to 20 July in both English and French. It is organized by the United Nations Division for the Advancement of Women, Department of Economic and Social Affairs. Registration will be open from 7 July, and will be necessary for participants to post comments. Registered participants can also opt to follow the online discussion by e-mail.
Source: The Asia Foundation SAN FRANCISCO, June 2 PRNewswire-USNewswire
Many young Pakistani women from low-income families can only dream of going to college or university. Now, however, some disadvantaged young women will have the chance for their dream to come true. With a generous donation from the Shirin Pandju Merali Foundation, established by Pandju Merali in honor of his late wife Shirin Merali, The Asia Foundation is set to launch a scholarship program that will enable young Pakistani women — “Merali Scholars” — to pursue undergraduate studies at eight highly respected colleges and universities in Pakistan. The Asia Foundation will enroll 66 women in hard-science degree programs, 67 women in medical degree programs, and 67 women in engineering degree programs. Continue reading
The Chronic Poverty and Long Term Impact Study in Bangladesh project, which focuses on 102 villages characteristic of rural Bangladesh, aims to further our understanding of the economic, social and political processes that shape chronic poverty in Bangladesh together with the impact of selected anti-poverty interventions on poverty dynamics. After initial community level fieldwork approximately 1,907 core households first surveyed in 1994, 1996, or 2000 were interviewed in late 2006 to ascertain how their living standards, endowment and other characteristics have changed over time and what role selected interventions have had on their welfare trajectories. 365 households who had split from their original households were also interviewed Detailed life-histories were then collected from a stratified sub-sample of approximately 293 adult men and women living in 161 households in order to better understand which events, institutions and processes have trapped certain households in chronic poverty while allowing others to escape from it. By analysing the results of the community level focus groups, panel survey and life-histories interviews together, a much fuller and more nuanced understanding of chronic poverty and the impact of the selected interventions is produced. Continue reading
Date: Tuesday, May 18, 2010 Time: 3:00-5:00 pm
Location: Partnership to Cut Hunger and Poverty in Africa, 499 South Capitol St. SW, Suite 500-B, Washington, DC
To RSVP, please send your name, affiliation, and email to: firstname.lastname@example.org
Welcome: Emmy Simmons, Board Member, Partnership to Cut Hunger and Poverty in Africa
Presentation: Maria José Novoa, Senior Associate, NCBA – CLUSA International
Mrs. Novoa has over 30 years of professional experience working in Africa with rural communities and local institutions in the areas of adult education and rural development, training of trainers, producer organization, gender and advocacy. She is one of Africa’s leading experts on functional literacy and numeracy and has played a key role in integrating functional literacy and numeracy into CLUSA farmer business development activities in Africa.
Throughout her career Mrs. Novoa has carried out assignments for numerous organizations, including USAID, European Commission, Swiss Cooperation, African Development Bank, FAO, CIDA/Canada, UNESCO, CARITAS, and several International and African NGOs and Ministries in Africa. Mrs. Novoa holds a BA in Educational Psychology and an M.S. in Education and Development from the University of Minho in Portugal. She is a citizen of Portugal and was raised in Mozambique. She currently resides in South Africa.
by Kata Fustos (PRB)
(April 2010) Numerous studies have demonstrated the positive impact of girls’ education on child and maternal mortality, health, fertility rates, poverty, and economic growth. Yet less than 2 cents of every dollar spent on international development is directed specifically toward adolescent girls, and they remain at the margins of international development programs.1 However, a March 2010 United Nations joint statement indicates that the international community is beginning to recognize that girls are a powerful catalyst for change.2
Investing in Adolescent Girls Brings Widespread Benefits
A key to reducing the cycle of poverty lies in an educated, healthy, and productive citizenry that is able to provide for the next generation. Adolescent girls hold a considerable yet untapped potential for accelerated national growth; their educational attainment, level of involvement in the labor force, and capability as caretakers of the next generation have a great impact on entire communities. There are about 600 million adolescent girls in developing countries and the 10-to-24-year-old age group is the fastest-growing segment of the population. This demographic trend can boost the economic prospects of developing countries by providing opportunities to these young people.
On average, girls with higher levels of education are more likely to participate in the labor force, engage in paid employment, earn more for their families over their lifetimes, and have healthier children who stay in school longer.3 Girls receive a higher economic return on investment in education than boys, and there are especially high wage gains from secondary education for girls. Female secondary education has an 18 percent return in the form of eventual wages, compared with 14 percent for males. In addition, girls with secondary schooling are up to six times less likely to be married as children than those with little or no schooling.4 The educational attainment of adults in the household also positively affects children. In many countries, maternal education levels have a greater influence over school enrollment of children than the education level of fathers. Continue reading